Dental Diseases and Conditions

There are many types of Dental Diseases and Conditions that can afflict you if you do not maintain good oral hygiene. These conditions include:

Dental Diseases and Conditions

Tooth Cavities – Also called Tooth Caries or Tooth Decay, these are permanently damaged areas in the hard surfaces of the teeth which form into tiny holes. They are common dental problems among both children and adults. Read more about tooth cavities.

Gum Disease / Gingivitis – This dental condition is also known as periodontal disease. This condition results from bacterial growth in the mouth which eventually leads to tooth loss. It begins with gum inflammation (gingivitis) and precedes periodontitis (gum disease). Read more about gum disease/gingivitis.

Plaque – Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria and food particles that form on the teeth when they are not brushed properly. If not treated, it hardens into tartar. Read more on plaque.

Tartar – Tartar is a hardened plaque caused by accumulation of minerals from saliva on plaque of the teeth.  The surface is so hard and rough that it provides a perfect medium for further plaque formation, damaging the teeth and gums. Read more on tartar.

Crooked Teeth and Misaligned Bites – Crooked teeth and misaligned bites (overbite, underbite) conditions develop when the mouth is too small wherein there is difficulty for all the teeth to fit within or due to malformed upper and lower jaws. Read more about crooked teeth and misaligned bites.

Bruxism – This condition is characterized by the grinding of the teeth and also clenching of the jaw. It is an oral para-functional habit that occurs in most of the people at some point of their lives. Bruxism during sleep causes many health issues. Read more about bruxism.

Tooth sensitivity – Also known as dentin hypersensitivity or root sensitivity. It is a severe discomfort that is triggered by cold, hot, sweet or sour foods and drinks and also by taking cold air. The pain will be so severe and sudden that shoots deep into the pulp.  Read more about tooth sensitivity.

Toothache – Toothache is an aching pain in and around the tooth. Pain usually begins from other regions and radiated to jaw causing tooth pain. The pain originating areas are ear pain, jaw joint and occasional heart problems. Read more about toothache.

Tooth Enamel Erosion – This condition is a wearing and breakdown of the outer surface layer of the teeth, the enamel.  Acids produced from foods and drinks wear away the tooth enamel. Also stress can cause enamel erosion. Read more about tooth enamel erosion.

Abscessed Tooth – This is an infected tooth condition caused by severe tooth decay. It usually occurs at the root of the tooth or also between the gums and tooth.  Pus is enclosed in these areas causing pain and irritation. Read more about abscessed tooth.

Tooth Discoloration – Tooth discoloration or stained teeth can occur due to many factors. Accordingly dentists classify tooth discoloration into three types. Treatments vary depending on the cause. Read to know the treatment options and care for tooth discoloration.

Dry Socket– This is a painful dental complication that happens after having wisdom teeth pulled.  It happens when the blood clot is not formed at the removal site or the formed blood clot becomes dislodged. Read more to know about dry socket.

Pericoronitis – Pericoronitis is an inflammation of the gum tissues surrounding the back teeth, usually the wisdom teeth. This condition is common among young adults of ages 17 – 25. Read to know more about pericoronitis.

Oral Stomatitis or Migratory Stomatitis – This is a painful condition, causing inflammation of mucus lining of the mouth, involving all the oral structures. It is a contagious viral condition. Read to know more about oral stomatitis.

Gingival Recession or Receding Gums – This is a gum condition in which the gum linings that surround the teeth are pulled back or worn away, therefore exposing the root of the tooth. It is a primary sign of gum disease. Read to know more about gingival recession.

Oral Thrush or Candidiasis – It is a fungal infection of the mucus membrane lining the mouth and the tongue. It causes white, creamy and fluffy spots on the surface of the mouth membranes. Read to know more about oral thrush.

Oral Cancer – This is a cancer of mouth that develops in any part of the oral cavity. Benign group of cells appear as a growth and do not disappear. It is just like any other cancers. Read to know more about oral cancer.

Geographic Tongue – This is a harmless inflammatory condition of the tongue where the surface is affected. Tiny, pinkish white bumps appear on the tongue due to missing patches of papillae. Read to know more about geographic tongue.

Burning Tongue Syndrome or Burning Mouth Syndrome – This is a painful condition that causes burning sensation on the tongue and other oral structures. It is known by many names like scalded mouth syndrome, burning lips syndrome, stomatodynia and glossodynia. Read to know more about burning tongue syndrome.

Canker Sores or Aphthous Ulcers – These are tiny sores that appear inside the mouth, especially the tongue, inside of lips and cheeks. They are not contagious like cold sores. Read to know more about canker sores.

Oral Leukoplakia – This is a condition in which white or gray patches form on the tongue, inside of the cheeks and floor of the mouth. They appear anytime in the life and usually affect the elderly. Read to know more about oral leukoplakia.

Black Hairy Tongue – This is a harmless and painless tongue condition that gives the tongue a scary appearance. This is due to overgrowth of bacteria on the tongue. Read to know more about black hairy tongue.

Herpes Stomatitis or Herpetic Stomatitis – This is a viral mouth infection that causes ulcers and inflammation. It is a wide spreading viral infection, common among young children. Read to know more about herpes stomatitis.

Oral Lichen Planus – This is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the mucus membranes, and appears as white, swollen patches. It results in severe pain, burning sensation and discomfort. Read to know more about oral lichen planus.

Bad Breath or Halitosis – This common oral condition is a result of poor oral hygiene or can be a sign of certain illnesses. It is made worse by eating some foods or by practicing unhealthy lifestyle measures. Read to know more about Bad breath.

Dry mouth or Xerostomia – This condition develops when there is no enough amount of saliva in the mouth. This can be a condition itself or also a symptom of any other underlying condition. Read to know more about dry mouth.