Dental Problems

Community Water Fluoridation

Fluoride is one of the electronegative elements which effectively helps in preventing dental caries. Community water fluoridation effectively helps in the caries prevention by providing proper amounts of fluoride in water. It is seen that the fluoride ingested through diet returns to the mouth in saliva in sufficient quantities. Most kids have oral fluid fluoride levels ranging from 0.01 to 0.01 ppm, with the average concentration falling in the range of 0.02 to 0.03 ppm. A recent study concluded that a difference of only 0.02 ppm of fluoride in oral fluid might indicate why one child is caries active while another is caries resistant. Read on to know more.

FluorideCommunity water fluoridation

  • It is the process of adjusting the amount of fluoride in a community water supply to an optimum level for the prevention of dental caries.
  • The effect of fluoride in drinking water on dental caries has been the subject of research commenced decades before.
  • Studies have shown that the adjustment of fluoride concentration in drinking water to the optimal level of 1ppm is associated with a marked decrease in dental caries.
  • The world health organization recognized these facts by its resolutions in 1969 and 1975, in which it is stated that water fluoridation application should be the corner stone of national health policies for prevention of caries.
  • The recommended daily dosage of fluoride for children above 3 years of age is 1mg. This can be obtained by drinking one liter of water with a concentration of 1ppm fluoride ion. Since the amount of water consumed will vary with temperature, the fluoride ion concentration considered optimal for a particular locality is predicted upon the average of the maximum daily temperature.
  • Sodium fluoride was the first compound used in a controlled fluoridation program. Owing largely to its low cost, sodium silico fluoride replaced sodium fluoride as the chemical most often used to fluoridate water. There has been an increased use of hydrofluorsilicic acids as the fluoride ion source.

The above article discusses briefly about community water fluoridation. Thus, one should make sure that the community water is providing proper amounts of fluoride in it. Because either excess amounts of fluoride or less amounts of fluoride in drinking water causes several side effects.

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