Dental Problems

What are Gum Diseases?

Gum diseases usually refers to the bacterial infection that attacks the gum and the bone supporting the teeth. Bacteria forms plaque (sticky film) on the tooth and slowly move towards the gap between the teeth and gum. Once they attack the gums their multiplication starts which not only infect the gum but even the teeth. This causes irritation of gum and leads to swollen red space beneath the tooth which is called as pocket. If left untreated the depth o f the pocket increases making the gums recede and so large that sometimes the teeth becomes loose and fall out.

Stem-CellsWhat are Gum Disease- Types and Stages?

  1. Gingivitis (Initial stage):

    This is the mildest form and occurs during the initial period of gum disease. It causes reddening of the gum which slowly swollen up and bleed easily. There is little discomfort and pain at this stage. This is usually caused due to poor oral hygiene. This can be cured by professional treatments and good oral hygiene.

  2. Periodontitis(Final stage):

    Untreated gingivitis leads to advance problem called as periodontitis. With the severity plaque spread and grown below the gum line. Bacteria produce the toxin which irritates the gum and causes chronic inflammatory response due to which the tissues and bone which supports the teeth break down and get infected. With the progress of the infection the pockets deepen up and more of gum and tissues are infected. Eventually, the tooth become loose and fall down.

What are the Different Forms of Periodontitis?

  • Aggressive periodontitis:

    It includes rapid attachment loss and bone destruction.

  • Chronic periodontitis:

    This results in inflammation of tissues which are supporting the teeth along with bone loss. This is characterized by pocket formation or gingivitis. Progress of attachment loss happens slowly but increases rapidly.

  • Manifestation of systematic disease leading to periodontitis:

    Heart disease, diabetes, respiratory diseases are associated or lead to this condition.

  • Necrotizing disease:

    In this, infection by necrosis of gingival tissue, ligaments and alveolar bone leads to periodontitis. These lesions are seen in individuals with HIV infections, mal nutrition and immune suppression.

What are Gum Diseases- Symptoms?

  • Red and swollen gums.
  • Gum margin having red and blue patches.
  • Bleeding of the gum.
  • Bad odor of mouth.
  • Unpleasant tastes.
  • Unbearable condition while having hot or cold items.
  • Difficulty in closing the mouth.

Risk Factors Causing Gum Diseases:

  • Diabetes:

    People suffering from this have high risk of developing the gum infection.

  • Hormonal changes in ladies:

    The hormonal changes I n ladies causes’sensitivity of gum which leads to easy gum infection.

  • Smoking:

    This is the most significant risk factor connected to gum disease. Addition to this, smoking even reduces the chances of treatment.

  • Illnesses:

    Cancer, AIDS and other such diseases and their treatments causes negative effect on the health of the gums.

  • Genetic:

    Few people are prone to severe gum infections due to genetic susceptibility.

  • Medication:

    Use of medicines causes reduction in the flow of saliva in our mouth which acts as a protective layer. Due to dryness mouth becomes more sensitive towards infections. These medications and treatments even cause over growth of gum tissues and then it’s difficult to keep the mouth clean.

What are Gum Disease -Preventions and Cure?

  • Regular practicing of oral hygiene.
  • Brushing of teeth twice a day and direct the tooth brush underneath t he gum line so as to disrupt the bacterial and myotic growth.
  • Flossing on daily basis and using interdental brushes which can clean the molar teeth as well.
  • Using antiseptic mouth wash.
  • Use of soft tooth brushes so as to avoid tooth enamel damage.
  • Avoid smoking and chewing of tobacco.
  • Regular checkups with the dentist.

For a beautiful smile and good looks, follow the rules of prevention than the cure.

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *