Dental Problems

Oral Cancer Treatment With Radiotherapy – Side Effects

Pit-and-FissureRadiotherapy or radiation therapy treatment for oral cancer helps to destroy the cancerous cells or tumor growth and to relapse its development. These treatment can also cause some side effects which may differ from one patient to other. The side effects of radiotherapy of Oral Cancer Treatment are discussed below in this article. Let us examine them.

Side effects of Oral Cancer Treatment with Radiotherapy

The side effects of radiotherapy depends on the dosage of the radiation and the infected targeted site. The most common radiation therapy side effects displayed by the patients oral cancer after the oral cancer treatment include the following:

  • Difficulty in chewing, eating, talking and swallowing.
  • Dry mouth
  • Mild, severe or major tooth decay (the side effect could be diminished with a good and proper oral care and by maintaining a healthy gums and teeth).
  • Sore and bleeding gums.
  • Sore mouth or throat (inflammations and painful sores).
  • Mouth infections:

    Radiotherapy can cause a damage to the epithelial lining of the mouth resulting in infections).

  • Delayed healing:

    Radiotherapy can also slow down the process of healing of the oral tissues.

  • Jaw stiffness:

    Radiotherapy can affect the muscles which are involved in chewing that results in difficulties in movement of the jaw.

  • Denture problems:

    Radiotherapy may cause a disturbance in the jaw bone or tooth alignment which leads to improper fitting of the dentures.

  • Changes in taste and smell:

    During radiotherapy the food might smell and taste different.

  • Changes in voice quality:

    Patients voice may become weak particularly during the end of the day.

  • Swelling in larynx:

    Radiotherapy also causes a change in voice in addition to an increase growth in the neck.

  • Changes in thyroid:

    The therapy of radiation may also affect the healthy functioning of the thyroid, reducing the normal amount of production of hormones by this gland. These can cause changes in the patient like weight gain, feeling tiredness, experiencing cold sensations, dry hair and skin.

  • Fatigue
  • Dry, red, extremely sensitive and inflammatory skin in the radiation exposed area.

The above listed are the most common side effects of radiotherapy of oral cancer treatment. These side effects may be diminished with medication. Thus, consult your doctor as soon as you experience these side effects for prevention and treatment.

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