Dental Problems

Oral Cancer Treatment Options -Surgical Procedure

Tooth-DryThe treatment options for oral cancer may vary from one patient to other. The oral cancer treatment options are based on five factors. These five factors include (1) the patients’ age, post medical history and general health, (2) the cancer size, type and location, (3) the tolerance for the treatment, (4) the risk factor for the disease and (5) the requirement to save some functions. In this article there is a brief discussion on the treatment options for oral cancer. Let us examine them.

The treatment options for oral cancer

A better treatment is achieved in patients with the disease who are diagnosed in the early stages. The oral cancer treatment options include the following.

Surgery:

This is a medical procedure which is aimed for a complete removal of the tumor tissue along with the adjacent healthy tissue to prevent further cancer relapse. The surgery techniques are of 6 types which are performed in patients suffering with oral cancer. These are as follows.

  1. Primary tumor resection:

    In this type of surgical procedure, the entire tumor along with the surrounding healthy tissues are removed.

  2. Mandile resection:

    In this type of surgical procedure, the entire tumor is removed along with the entire jaw bone or a part of it.

  3. Maxillectomy:

    In this type of surgery, the entire tumor is removed along with the entire part or a part of the hard palate (palate is the roof of the mouth). Maxilllectomy surgery is generally performed when the tumor growth has spread to roof bone of the mouth.

  4. Moh’s micro-graphic surgery:

    Moh’s micro-graphic surgery is an advanced surgical procedure which relies on the accuracy of the microscope to trace and assure for a complete of the tumor growth of the cancer down from its roots, by leaving only the healthy tissues without causing any harm. This surgical procedure removes the tumor growth from within the thin layers. The procedure is done under a microscope and each layer infected with cancerous cells is checked and removed and the procedure is continued until there are no cancerous cells left. This type of surgical procedure can be performed particularly when the tumor growth is in the lip.

  5. Laryngectomy:

    This type of surgical procedure is performed in individuals who are infected with large tumor cells on the oropharynx or tongue. In some cases, the surgical procedure involves the removal of larynx (the voice box) of the mouth.

  6. Neck dissection:

    In this type of surgery, the tumor is removed along with the lymph nodes that are affected with the cancer. Thus, this type of process is performed individual where the tumor growth has spread to the neck lymph nodes.

The above surgical procedure depends on the patients tumor growth, the size, type and condition. But, when the diagnosis is done in early stages of the tumor growth, then the surgical procedure can be small with a less post-surgery disinfiguration or scars. On the other hand, when the cancer is in advanced stage, then the surgical procedure becomes very complex and it removes a substantial part of tissue, and in some cases it requires a further reconstruction procedure.

Side effects:

Patients may also experience some side effects after the surgery. The side effects are usually influenced by the tumor size and the complexity of the surgery. Some of the most common side effects post surgery include the following.

  • Swelling:

    Swelling of the tissues around the surgical area and the swelling can last for a couple of weeks.

  • Feeling tired and Weakness:

    Patients after the post surgery may feel tired and weak even after a little work.

  • Pain:

    pain can last for a while, but excessive pain requires immediately medical attention as it is a sign of infectious condition.

Patients who are in advanced stages or with too big tumor growth, then the surgery involves the removal of the surrounding organs and tissues (such as palate, jaw or tongue) and the patient might experience the side effects which are as follows.

  • Difficulty in chewing, talking and swallowing.
  • Disinfiguration.

The above article discusses about the oral cancer treatment option with surgical procedure.

1 response to Oral Cancer Treatment Options -Surgical Procedure

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