Dental Problems

Dental Problems in Pregnancy

Oral-Submucous-FibrosisPregnancy is the wonderful time, which is filled with excitement and joy. Unfortunately, it could also be a frustrating time, particularly if you are frequently experiencing dental problems and complications. Dental problems in pregnancy are common and pregnant women are more prone to dental problems and complications. In this article, there is a brief discussion on the dental problems during pregnancy.

Dental problems in pregnancy

There are a few variety of oral and dental problems which women are more likely to experience during the period of pregnancy. These dental problems include pregnancy gingivitis, periodontal disease and pregnancy tumors.

  • Pregnancy gingivitis:

    This is the most common dental problem during pregnancy. This disease is affecting almost about 50% of all the pregnant women. They cause red, inflamed and puffy gums. It can also cause bleeding of gums particularly when you are flossing and brushing.

  • Periodontal disease:

    If the gingivitis condition is left untreated, then it can lead to periodontal disease. This is the severe gum infection and it destroys fibers and bones which helps to maintain the teeth healthy and in place.

    They can also cause very unpleasant side effects like bleeding of the gums, tooth infection and loss. This is an increased risk for pregnant woman for both having a baby with a low birth weight and preterm labor.

  • Pregnancy tumors:

    They form if the pregnant woman is suffering with periodontal disease or pregnancy gingivitis. Pregnancy tumors are also referred to as pyogenic granulomas , as these tumors are the growths which form in the gums.These cause pain and discomfort and also make it hard for eat, swallow and speak. If necessary these tumors must be removed.

The above listed are some of the most common dental problems in pregnancy. It is very important that these complications are treated effectively. If not treated in time, they can increase the risk for complications during pregnancy. These dental; problems usually occur due to the bacteria which is naturally present in the mouth. Pregnant women are at higher risk of gingivitis than the normal individuals. This is because of the amplified progesterone levels and estrogen levels which cause increase in the flow of the blood throughout the body, particularly to gums.

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