Dental Problems

Burning Mouth Syndrome Causes

Tips-To-Cure-Fever-Blisters-On-Lips-At-HomeBurning mouth syndrome is the condition which is characterized by the burning pain and sensation on the lips, tongue or other widespread areas involving the whole mouth. It affects about 4% of adults in the U.S. In this article, there is a brief discussion on the burning mouth syndrome causes, let us examine them.

Causes of Burning Mouth Syndrome

The exact cause for the burning mouth syndrome is not known. But, it is usually associated with the variety of different conditions. Some of these conditions which are associated with the burning mouth syndrome are listed below:

  • Nutritional deficiencies:

    Individuals with the nutritional deficiencies are more likely to develop burning mouth syndrome. Nutritional deficiencies such as lack of zinc, iron, vitamin B-12 (cobalamin), vitamin B-9 (folate), vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine), vitamin B-2 (riboflavin) and vitamin B-1 (thiamine).

  • Hormonal imbalances:

    The hormonal imbalances which are associated with menopause is one of the cause.

  • Psychological problems:

    Some of the psychological problems or factors such as depression, excessive health worries or anxiety can lead to burning mouth syndrome.

  • Menopause:

    This might be one of the major cause of burning mouth syndrome.

  • Dry mouth or Xerostomia:

    This can be caused due to various health problems or medications.

  • Oral problems:

    Some of the oral problems which can cause burning mouth syndrome include oral lichen planus, geographic tongue or oral thrush (oral yeast infection).

  • Damaged nerves:

    Damage to the nerves which control pain and taste inside the mouth can also cause mouth burning syndrome.

  • Dentures:

    They can add stress on some parts of tissues and muscles of the mouth leading to mouth pain. They also irritate the tissues inside the mouth due to the material used in the dentures.

  • Allergies or allergic reactions:

    Some individuals are allergic to foods, medicines, food flavorings, food fragrances, food additives, food dyes or some other substances.

  • Certain medications:

    Particularly those medications used for high blood pressure known as ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors.

  • Reflux of stomach acid:

    Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease might have reflux of stomach acid which enters the mouth from the upper gastrointestinal tract.

  • Oral habits:

    Some of the oral habits in some individuals such as bruxism (teeth grinding) and tongue brushing can cause burning mouth syndrome.

  • Endocrine disorders:

    Disorders like hypothyroidism (under-active thyroid) and diabetes can also cause burning mouth disorders.

  • Excessive mouth irritation:

    This can be due to the result of over-brushing of the tongue, having too much of acidic foods or drinks or overuse of mouthwashes.

The above listed are some of the causes of the burning mouth syndrome. One should know about them as it helps to take measures to prevent them. The burning mouth syndrome affects women 7 times as often as men and usually occurs in older adults or middle-aged adults.

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