Dental Problems

Dental Implant Procedure

Nursing-CariesTooth decay or cavities must be treated in time. If you are suffering from them then immediately consult your dentist for the treatment. Because they might cause tooth loss or might be removed in the treatment to stop further progression of the disease. These are replaced by dental implant procedure. Let us examine the procedure of dental implants.

Dental implant procedure step-wise

  • Step 1:

    Consult your dentists about the best treatment option for you. Your dentist may recommend you to a prosthodontist or periodontist who will be an expert and have the level of skill to deal with the dental implant treatment (fitting and maintenance). Be aware that there is no medical qualification as such as a ‘dental implant specialist’ or ‘implantologist for the dental implant fittings.

  • Step 2:

    Neither of any dental specialist will ever start the dental implant procedure without assessing the surrounding jaw and tooth area. Firstly, assessing the teeth and gums is the crucial step for any specialist prior to dealing with tooth decay, gum disease or for performing the cosmetic dentistry.

  • Step 3:

    Prior to the new dental implant procedure, any specialist will usually take several X-rays and a CT scan in some cases to know the quality and abnormalities of the bone which is surrounding the decayed tooth or missing tooth prior to the dental treatment proceedings.

  • Step 4:

    If the bone material is sufficient they will proceed with the implant procedure.

    If in case, there is insufficient bone to accommodate the dental implant (which is determined by CT scans and -rays) then bone grafting is performed.

    In bone grafting, required portion of the bone from the patients chin, the hip, the tibia and the back of the lower jaw is taken. Because bone from the own body has a fast healing capacity when compared to other alternatives.

    This process is called onlay grafting and is the most common for a combination of natural bone and artificial bone. Over the time the bone which is grafted fuses well with the existing bone and creates a better environment for the implant to be placed in.

  • Step 5:

    Local anesthetics are used before performing most of the dental implant procedures. In some cases where patients are extremely anxious then â…£ sedation is given.

  • Step 6:

    The above steps are the preliminary procedures, once they are completed further implant procedure is started. The area where the implant has to be placed, there the gum line is cut, lifted up and a hole is made into the jawbone with a driller at the exact place of the intended implant.

  • Step 7:

    Later, the titanium screw or dental implant is fitted tightly inside the pre-drilled hole. Then, the gum is stitched over the implant and after 7 to 14 days these sutures will be removed typically.

  • Step 8:

    The implant is allowed to heal and to integrate with the surrounding bone and this process is called osseointegration. The healing process differs and its takes 3 to 6 months.

  • Step 9:

    After this healing period, the gum is lifted again and a dental abutment will be screwed down in the implant. Then a temporary crown will be attached to the top part (post) of the dental abutment.

  • Step 10:

    Later, after 4 to 6 weeks, when the gum tissue (surrounding) has matured, the permanent (final) restoration will be fitted.

The above mentioned points explain the dental implant procedure. It is better to consult your dentist or a specialist before going for any dental procedure.

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