Dental Problems

Gum Disease Treatment Using Antibiotics

Sealant-ApplicationGum disease or periodontal disease occurs from mild to severe forms from slight inflammation to more advanced form affecting other parts surrounding the gums. It was estimated that about 80% of Americans suffer with some form of gum or periodontal disease. One can include antibiotics for the gum disease treatment. If the disease is left untreated, then the gum disease can progress and affect the connective tissues, bones and other parts surrounding the gums. In severe cases, gum disease treatment includes antibiotics.

Antibiotics for the gum disease treatment

  • Tetracycline:

    It is a broad spectrum and a potent antibiotic. It is used by dentists as the primary antibiotic to limit the risk of infections by bacteria after surgery. It not only kills the bacteria, but also helps to limit the inflammation and also inhibits the enzyme collagenase, which is responsible for the breakdown of connective tissue. Tetracycline’s standard dose is a ten-day cycle, but it has become more popular by topical application with dentists.

  • Macrolides and Quinolones:

    An alternative option for tetracycline is Macrolides for inflammation. Macrolides also fight against the bacterial infections by inhibiting their growth. Quinolones are used because they are important for the elimination of A. actinomycetemcomitans bacteria.

  • Metronidazole:

    It is used in combination with tetracyclin or penicillin to treat gum diseases in severe and chronic stage.

  • Elyzol:

    It is an antibiotic which is delivered topically as a gel or strip directly on the gums. It also contains metronidazole that is effective against bacteria and as well as parasites.

  • Periochip:

    It is a small chip that is placed inside the pockets of the gum which slowly releases a compound chlorhexidine, an antiseptic.

  • Arestin:

    It is a drug which is composed of small and tiny capsules and placed inside gum pockets. Research also has shown that the antibiotic arestin is the best for reducing the gum pockets depth rather than maintenance even after periodontal surgery.

  • Actisite:

    It is similar to floss except that it has a compound tetracycline hydrochloride present on the string. This is used in the same as a floss, rubbing between the gum and tooth. This was one among the first antibiotic which was used in maintenance of periodontal.

These are some of the antibiotics which dentists use in the gum disease treatment.

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