Dental Problems

Is their Any Link Between Gum Disease and Heart Disease?

Sealant-ApplicationGum Disease and Heart Disease:

There are several theories which exist to give a reason for the link between gum diseases and heart disease. Some of the studies which link between gum disease and heart disease are discussed below.

Among these theories, one theory explains about the affect on the heart by clot formation, this results when oral bacteria enter the blood flow, attach to the fatty plaques present inside the coronary arteries (blood vessels of heart), later contribute to the clot formation affecting the heart.

Coronary artery disease:

This is characterized with the accumulation of fatty proteins leading to the thickening of the coronary arteries walls. Thus, normal blow stream is obstructed by blood clots. This leads to restrict the amount of oxygen and nutrient supply which is essential for the heart for its proper functioning. This leads to heart attacks.

Swelling of the arteries: This is another possible affect on the arteries of the heart. Bacteria build up and form plaque and lead to gum or periodontal diseases. Once the disease has occur it increase the plaque formation and causes inflammation. This contributes to the swelling of the arteries.

Researches have also found that the diseased gums release a significantly higher levels of pro-inflammatory bacterial components, such as bacterial endotoxins which enter in the blood stream and travel to the other parts of the body, such as heart and affect them. The study was compared between the disease patients and a healthy individual.

In another study, researches suggest that the gum disease might cause the components of oral bacteria to enter the blood flow and trigger the liver. This causes the liver to produce C-reactive proteins, which act as a predictor to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Periodontal or gum diseases can also worsen the existing heart conditions. Prior to the dental treatments or procedures, patients who are at risk for the infective endocarditis might require antibiotics. One should consult their cardiologist and periodontist, as they will be decide whether the heart condition of a patient requires the use of any antibiotics before the dental procedure.

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