Dental Problems

Causes of Sensitive Teeth and Gums

Fluoride-Using-Varnish-and-FoamThe teeth and gums become sensitive when the protective layer get damaged and expose the underlying tissues. These causes pain while eating, sometimes swelling and inflammation. In this article there is a brief discussion on the causes of sensitive teeth and gums.

Causes of Sensitive teeth and gums:

There are many causes of sensitive teeth and gums, which are listed below:

  • Brushing too hard:

    Brushing improperly or hard brushing can wear and tear away the tooth enamel causing the exposure of dentin. This may also cause gum recession, in which the tissues of the gums are pulled away from the teeth.

  • Tooth decay:

    When the tooth decay progresses and spreads near the gums line. This causes the sensitive of the tooth and gums.

  • Gum or periodontal diseases or gingivitis:

    Due to these diseases, the gum tissue becomes sore and inflamed causing sensitivity. This is due to the damage or loss of the supporting ligaments, which exposure of the root surface and the nerve of the tooth. This leads to the sensitivity of the teeth and gums.

  • Cracked teeth:

    Broken, cracked or chipped teeth may get fill up with the bacteria from the plaque and enter the underlying pulp cavity leading to the inflammation of the surrounding parts.

  • Tooth whitening toothpaste or products:

    These are the major contributors for teeth and gum sensitivity.

  • Age:

    Teeth and gum sensitivity is highest among people between the age group 25 and 30.

  • Plaque formation:

    Its presence may cause teeth and gum sensitivity.

  • Mouthwash or rinses:

    Long-term use of over-the-counter mouthwashes can cause gum and teeth sensitivity. Because they contain acids which damage the dentin (specially in those patients who have exposed dentin).

  • Acidic foods:

    Regular intake of foods which contain high acid content can cause tooth enamel erosion. These foods include tomatoes, citrus fruits, tea and pickles.

  • Recent routine dental treatments:

    Teeth and gum sensitivity can occur after the crown replacement, teeth cleaning, tooth restoration and root planing. However, they cause a temporary sensitivity which usually disappears in 4 to 6 weeks.

These are some of the causes of sensitive teeth and gums.

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