Dental Problems

Treatment for Oral Thrush

Pit-and-FissureOral thrush is caused by the fungal growth, specifically by Candida albicans (fungus). Individuals affected with oral thrush develop white patches inside the mouth. If the condition is left untreated, then the infection may become severe and can even spread to the other organs of the body (from mouth to throat, to lungs and to gastrointestinal tract). Thus, the treatment for oral thrush is very important and it should be very effective. In this article, their is a brief discussion on the treatment of oral thrush.

Treatment for Oral Thrush

Most of the moderate oral thrush infections in any individual can be treated effectively with proper medications in about 2 weeks. But, patients with weakened immune responses or systems may have more severe symptoms and it may be difficult to manage them.

  • The first step for the treatment of oral thrush is to stop the fungal growth with the use of antifungal medications. These medications should be continued for a time period of 1 to 2 weeks.
  • One can also use these antifungal medications in other dosage forms such as liquid form. Swish the solution slowly in every corner of your mouth, as long as possible and then swallow it. This is the most common method used in the treatment of oral thrush.
  • Pastilles or Lozenges should be dissolved slowly in the mouth and must not be swallowed whole or chewed. The longer the medication stays in the mouth in direct contact with the affected surface of the mouth, the greater its effectiveness in fighting against oral thrush.
  • Some of recommended antifungal medications for mild conditions of oral thrush include Nystatin (Pastilles or Mycostatin liquid) applied several times in a day and Clotrimazole (Mycelax).
  • The treatment for patients with HIV/AIDS or for patients with severe oral thrush infections which has spread beyond the mouth may include stronger or higher doses of medications such as Fluconazole (Diflucan) or Ketoconazole (Nizoral).
  • Fluconazole (Diflucan) is a synthetic antifungal agent and can be used in the treatment of different Candidia albicans infections.
  • Dilfucan is available in tablet (solid dosage) form and is a single dose medicine for a day and must be swallowed. Recent studies on the treatments of oral thrush have demonstrated that Diflucan is as effective as Nystatin and Clotrimazole, but it is better tolerated and more convenient.
  • One can take Ketoconazole if Fluconazole is not available or as an alternative option, but it is less effective.
  • After treating the infection, the next step is to identify the underlying health conditions and problems which are caused due to oral thrush infection and treat them. This is very important as in order to prevent further problems in the future.


Some of the anitfungal medications which are used for the treatment of oral thrush may cause liver damage or other problems and can also interact with other medications. Consult your doctor before taking any of the antifungal or other medications. Be sure to check them before using and if any irritation or other symptoms appear stop the medications and consult your doctor.

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