Dental Problems

Medical Emergencies in the Dental Office -Emergency Drugs Kit

VaccineDentists should maintain a emergency drug kit to use them in medical emergencies in the dental office. There are six essential drugs which should be maintained by all the dentists. In this article, there is the description of the following emergency drugs kit which are required in the medical emergencies in the dental office.

  1. Oxygen:

    Except hyper-ventilation, it is needed for every emergency. Oxygen should always be available in the portable size and source. It should ideally hold over 600 litres and in an E-size cylinders. Oxygen should always be delivered through a full face mask, even if the patient is unconscious or conscious. One may use a positive pressure device for adults, which shouldn’t exceed the flow rate of 35 litres per minute.

  2. Epinephrine:

    It is used in the emergency treatment as the drug of choice for asthma and anaphylaxis, When given intravenously, it shows rapid action usually within 5 to 10 minutes.

  3. Nitroglycerin:

    It is indicated for acute myocardial infarction or angina. It also shows a rapid action inside the body. It is available as sub lingual spray or tablets. However, the shell-life of tablets is 3 months after opening the bottle, but the spray has longer shelf-life than tablets.

  4. Injectable Antihistamine:

    It is used for the allergic reaction management. They are given for the management of anaphylaxis and for less severe allergic reactions associated with dermatological symptoms and signs such as urticaria.

  5. Albuterol (Salbutamol):

    It is the first choice of drug for the management of bronchospasm. It provides selective bronchodilation with minimal effects of systemic cardiovascular, when administered by an inhaler. It shows it peak effect within 30 -60 minutes with 4 to 6 hours of duration effect.

  6. Aspirin:

    It is one of the newly recognized drug for life-saving, as it has been proved to decrease the overall mortality from an acute myocardial infection. The drug helps to prevent the progression of cardiac ischemia to cause injury or to infraction.

These are the emergency drugs which are essential during the medical emergencies in the dental office. They should be administered only after the prescription by the doctor.

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