Dental Problems

Top 5 Causes of Tooth Decay

Oral-Submucous-FibrosisTooth decay can occur due to various reasons. One may experience toothache due to the decayed tooth or infected tooth. The affected area might be very small but the pain can render a person to be incapable of finishing the work at hand. The top 5 causes of tooth decay that can cause several other oral problems are discussed in this article.

Top 5 causes of tooth decay

Some of the tooth decay causes are poor dental health, improper diet or diet with starch and sugar foods, deficiency of fluoride, use of tobacco products and alcohol.

  1. Poor dental health:

    This is the major cause of tooth decay and other oral problems. Poor dental health or improper dental hygiene can lead to build up of bacteria which later results in formation of plaque, tartar and calculus. These are the bacterial growth which causes the destruction of tooth enamel and leads to the exposure of soft tissue-dentin. Later the dentin is damaged and results in tooth decay.

  2. Improper diet or poor diet with starch and sugary foods:

    Improper diet includes the deficiency of calcium, phosphorous and other essential supplements which are necessary for a good dental health. If the diet includes starch and sugary foods, then acid-forming bacteria will grow on the surface of the tooth enamel. These bacteria attack on the sugar and releases acids which destroys the enamel layer. Thus, they cause poor dental health and destroys enamel layer and exposes dentin (soft tissue), which is further attacked by the bacteria leading to tooth decay.

  3. Deficiency of fluoride:

    Fluoride is compound which helps to fight against the bacteria and prevent tooth decay. It also helps to strengthen the tooth enamel and to make the enamel stronger against the acids. So, deficiency of fluoride results in weakening of the enamel layer and also susceptible to infections and decay of the tooth.

  4. Use of tobacco products:

    Chewing tobacco or smoking can be not only damage the health but also the teeth. It can lead to the tooth decay and if one is regularly exposed to tobacco products then they are more likely to develop cavities.

  5. Drinking Alcohol:

    A person who drinks on a regular basis is also at a high risk for develop tooth decay. It can also lead to tooth cavity.

These are the top 5 causes of tooth decay which one needs to take care to prevent tooth decay and other dental problems.

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