Dental Problems

Dental Problems and Diabetes

Diabetes leads to various disease conditions in the body, including mouth. Diabetic patients need to take extra oral care than normal individuals because they are at a greater risk due to uncontrolled sugar levels. This causes white blood cells impairment, which acts as the main defense mechanism of the body against the bacteria in the mouth. Thus, it leads to dental problems as the defense mechanism is destroyed. This article discusses about how dental problems and diabetes are related.

Dental Problems and Diabetes

Some of the common dental problems for diabetic patients are discussed below:

  • Dry mouth:

    Diabetic patients who are not controlling the sugar level have several problems associated with it. Due to this, one can reduce the saliva flow, which results in dry mouth. These can further lead to various other problems which include:

  • Soreness
  • Infections
  • Ulcers and
  • Tooth decay
  • Gum inflammation:

    Diabetes impairs white blood cells impairment and thickens the blood vessels. This reduces the nutrients flow and waste products flow from the tissues of the body, which lowers the body’s defense mechanism against various germs. It is similar in the mouth, as gum disease are caused by bacteria. Uncontrolled diabetes can result in frequent gum problems and more severe gum disease such as gingivitis and periodontitis.

  • Poor healing process:

    Patients with uncontrolled diabetes have very poor healing ability, because of the blood flow which is usually impaired. For example, a patient with uncontrolled diabetes cannot be able to heal the site quickly after the dental procedures or oral surgery.

  • Thrush:

    Diabetic patients who frequently take medication or antibiotics to fight against various infections. They are more likely to develop a fungal infection of the tongue and mouth. The fungus usually thrives on the increased sugar levels of the saliva of patients with uncontrolled diabetes.

  • Inflammation in the mouth or/and tongue:

    The patient may experience this condition due to the fungal infection or thrush.

  • Smoking:

    Diabetic patients who have uncontrolled sugar level and who smoke, are at a greater risk of developing periodontal diseases. Smoking results in impaired blood flow to gums and results in poor healing in the tissues.

Thus, diabetic patients need to take extra oral care and also maintain the sugar level in the body.

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