Dental Problems

Gum Disease -Types of Gum Disease

Gum disease is also referred to as periodontal disease. It can develop due to various reasons such as infection by bacteria and development of plaque which also contains various germs. Thus, in this article there is a brief discussion of gum diseases and types of gum diseases.

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease or periodontal disease is caused due to an infection by the bacteria and other germs in the teeth, and the surrounding bones and tissues supporting the teeth. If the infection is not treated in time, then there is a high chance of developing various gum diseases. It can also become very serious and may lead to teeth loss.

The other important cause of gum disease is due to plaque. It is an invisible sticky lining of germs that is present naturally on the gums and teeth. It contains various bacteria, which release toxins that damage the gums and teeth. Thus, flossing and brushing every day and having a regular checkup with the dentist is very important.

What are the types of Gum Diseases?

There are two types of gum diseases gingivitis and periodontitis. These are serious infections, if not treated in time, can result in teeth loss.

  1. Gingivitis:

    In periodontal disease, gingivitis is the mildest of all other forms of diseases. In this condition the gums may easily get red, inflamed, swollen or bleed. One usually experiences very little discomfort or no discomfort at all. It is often caused due to inadequate oral hygiene. It is reversible with healthy oral home care and professional treatment.

  2. Periodontitis:

    Untreated gingivitis can lead to periodontitis. Plaque can grow and spread below the gum area. The bacteria present in the plaque release toxins and irritate the gum. These toxins stimulate an inflammatory response, which is produced by the body and is chronic. These, in turn, damage the teeth and bones which support the teeth and destroy them.

    Thus, gums are separated from the teeth, which results in the formation of pockets that become infected. The disease condition progresses and the pockets become deep. Thus, more and more gum tissues and bones become infected and are destroyed. This destructive process frequently develops very mild symptoms. Finally, the teeth become loose and need to be removed.

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