Dental Problems

Tooth Extraction -Types of Tooth Extraction

Tooth extraction is also referred to as dental extraction or exodontia. It is the removal of the teeth or a tooth from the jaw. The tooth extraction can be due to various reasons. In this article, there is a brief discussion of tooth extraction and its types.

What is tooth extraction?

Removal of a tooth or teeth from the jaw is called tooth or teeth or dental extraction. These extractions are performed due to a variety of reasons such as tooth decay, gum diseases – which damage the teeth, or due to tooth injury or toothache.

What are the types of Tooth Extractions?

The teeth extractions are categorized into two types: simple and surgical.

  • Simple extractions:

    These extractions are performed on the visible tooth or teeth in the mouth. Dentists usually use local anesthesia and the instruments which help to elevate or/and grasp the visible part of the teeth.

    Usually, they use an elevator to lift the tooth, and then dental forceps to rock the tooth back and forth so that the periodontal ligament is sufficiently broken and to adequately widen the supporting alveolar bone. Thus, the tooth becomes loose to remove. When the teeth are removed, they apply a slow, steady pressure with controlled force.

  • Surgical extractions:

    These extractions are performed when the removal of the teeth is not easily accessed, because they haven’t erupted fully or broken under the gums. Surgical extractions always require an incision to remove the parts of the teeth. Doctors may usually elevate the tissues covering the bone and the teeth.

    Sometimes, they may also remove the surrounding or/ and overlying bone tissues with the help of an osteotome or a drill. Thus, the tooth may split into a number of pieces and facilitate the removal.

These are two types of tooth extractions commonly used by the dentists and doctors. Never do any extraction on your own, consult a dentist. He/she will help you to know the condition and to give an effective treatment.

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