Dental Problems

Dental Sedation -Degrees of Dental Sedation

Dental sedation techniques are used by dentist to allay pain, discomfort and anxiety of the patient. These sedation techniques enable patients to receive proper dental treatment necessary for dental health and a healthy smile. In this article, we shall discuss various degrees of sedation achieved by administering dental sedation techniques.

Types of dental sedation methods

Depending on the extent of phobia and anxiety of the patient, different types and varying degree of dental sedation is employed by the dentist. There are 4 types of dental sedation methods used by dentist today. They are:

  • Oral Sedatives
  • Intravenous Sedations
  • Nitrous Oxide Sedation
  • General Anesthesia

Four Degrees of Dental Sedation:

The 4 dental sedation methods that are listed above are used to provide varying degrees of sedation. These include:

Anxiolysis:

It is a method of inducing “Light sedation.” Several forms of sedatives are used to get the anxiolysis result, but the most commonly used method to get this type of relaxation is nitrous oxide inhalation. The patient is fully conscious and respond to all commands.

Conscious Sedation:

This is moderate dental sedation. It can be achieved by either nitrous oxide or intravenous sedation. In this process the patient will be awake or conscious. He will be able to respond to commands, but will experience a state of extreme relaxation.

Deep Sedation:

In this the state is between unconscious and conscious dental sedation. The patients are not fully aware. They will not be able to respond to commands given by dentists in a consistent manner. They need some assistance to keep up their breath as they are unable to keep their airway open.

Unconsciousness:

General anesthesia is given to make the patient total unconscious. They are totally unaware of surroundings and do not respond to any commands. This causes the airway to close and patients need assistance with breathing. This method of sedation is done for oral surgeries.

You can get more information about 4 types of dental sedation methods in a related article in this site.

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