Dental Problems

Dental Sedation -Types of Dental Sedation

Dental sedation

Dental sedation techniques are used by dentist to allay pain, discomfort and anxiety of the patient. These sedation techniques enable patients to receive proper dental treatment necessary for dental health and a healthy smile. In this article, we shall discuss the types of dental sedation used by dentists.

Depending on the extent of phobia and anxiety of the patient, different types and varying degree of dental sedation is employed by the dentist.

Types of Dental Sedation:

There are 4 types of dental sedation techniques used by dental surgeons. They are:

Oral Sedatives:

These are medications in form of tablets or capsules. Oral sedative medications, for example diazepam, are given to the patient on the night before a dental procedure. In some cases, it is given just 30 minutes to one hour before the dental procedure. In more complex cases an injection of local anesthesia is also administered to achieve proper sedation.

Intravenous Sedations:

Intravenous sedations are injections of local anesthesia. It is administered in conjunction with the method of dental sedation. As the name suggests the mode of operation of sedation is intravenous here.

Nitrous Oxide Sedation:

This is one of the form of conscious inhalation sedation. In this method nitrous oxide (commonly known as laughing gas) is used to give relaxation to the body. In order to eliminate pain, a local anesthetic is administered in combination with nitrous oxide.

General Anesthesia:

This method is used if it is required to make the patient unconscious. In this method the patient is completely unaware of his or her surroundings. This is usually used in long, complex dental procedures. These are generally not recommended.

There are four degrees of sedation achieved by the above sedative methods. You can get information on the degree of dental sedations in dental procedures in a related article on this site.

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