Dental Problems

Gingivectomy -What is Gingivectomy?


It is a form of gum surgery. It is a periodontal surgical procedure where the surgeon removes and reforms diseased gum tissue or gingival buildup (tissue) related to serious underlying conditions. In this article, we shall know about the purpose and procedure of gingivectomy.

The Purpose of Gingivectomy

Healthy gums are not only important dental requirement, but they are vital parts of a person’s oral hygiene and appearance. In some cases it so happens that gums grow and build up over the front surface of a tooth. This can change the balance between the length of the teeth and the height of the gumline. The person having this not only suffers from pain but also a bad, unappealing smile.

Gingivectomy is performed for two reasons:

Aesthetic appearance


Functional contour.

It can be for both of them simultaneously. In some cases, it is done to allow a filling to be placed.

The Procedure

A gingivectomy is a minor surgery that involves removal of a little gum tissue around the teeth. It is a quick and relatively painless technique, performed in a dentist’s office.

First local anesthesia is applied to numb the area of the gums. Then the surgeon makes a small incision on the gum and removes the excess gum tissue using a dental tool. Next, he does peridontal dressings to cover the teeth and gums to protect them while healing. He further gives a few instructions to deal post-surgery conditions of teeth. It depends on the extent of surgery. Haling take a few weeks but after the gum is more or less completely free of pain.


For more chronic gum conditions, gingivectomy is done after trying other non-surgical methods. It is done just before when the gum disease is advanced enough to endanger the ligaments and bone supporting the teeth.

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