Dental Problems

Jaw Dislocation – Causes and Symptoms

The jawbone is the only movable joint in the face. It is called temporomandibular joint of the jaw and is referred to as TMJ. Two TMJs, each on the either side, work in unison to carry out the work of chewing and talking.

When the bones of the jaw are displaced or knocked out of the place it results in jaw dislocation.

In this article, we shall know the causes and symptoms of jaw dislocation.

Causes of Jaw Dislocation

There can be any reason for jaw to dislocate. It is usually caused due to some trauma to the joint. Any injury to the face can also cause dislocation in jaw.

Occasionally, yawning or yelling with mouth wide open can also cause dislocation.

There are some cases where dislocation occurred while cracking hard substances with teeth. Even biting big food morsels can also cause the dislocation.

Here are a few conditions associated with jaw dislocation:

  • Motor vehicle accidents
  • Jaw fracture
  • Laxity of joints
  • Injury to inferior alveolar nerve
  • Trauma in face
  • Skin anesthesia
  • Old age
  • Arthritis

Symptoms of Jaw Dislocation:

Here are a few symptoms, one or more of them, are seen in a person having jaw dislocation:

  • Jaw pain
  • Facial pain
  • Inability to close the mouth
  • Swelling near TMJ joints
  • Redness near the joints
  • Asymmetry of the face
  • Bleeding under the jaw surface
  • Slight numbness in the joint area

Do you feel you have jaw dislocation?

Do not panic! It is quite easy to come out of a dislocated jaw. Apply ice to the affected area immediately in order to prevent internal bleeding and reduce the swelling associated with the dislocation.

Any of your friends or family members can help in reducing the dislocation. By pressing on the lower back molars with great force the jaw returns back to the position. This is effective home treatment for jaw dislocation.

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