Dental Problems

Curettage in Dentistry – Types of Curettage in Dentistry

Curettage in DentistryCurettage

is a medical procedure to remove tissue by scraping or scooping. It basically involves using a surgical instrument called curette, hence called curettage. In this article, we shall discuss curettage in dentistry.

In dentistry curettage can be explained as a deep scaling of a particular portion of the teeth that is below the gum line. The main purpose is to remove calculus and infected gum tissue.


A curette is a surgical instrument designed for scraping and removing tissues or debris in a biopsy. It is in the form of a small hand tool, similar in shape to a stylus. At the tip of curette there is a small hook, scoop or gouge. To curette means to scrape with a curette.

The figure shows a few curettes used in dentistry.

Depending on the site of curettaging, there are different types of curettage procedures in dentistry. They are as follows:

Gingival curettage:

In this procedure the dentist removes the inflamed tissue wall of a peridontal pocket. Peridontal means the area surrounding a tooth.

Periapical curettage:

This is procedure of removing the diseased soft tissues in the bony area surrounding a tooth root apex. This also means smoothing of the top surface of a tooth without excision of the tooth tip.

Subgingival curettage:

This is almost same of gingival curettage. Can be thought as another form of gingival curettage.

Surgical Curettage:

It is a flap procedure. This is done to remove an inflamed peridontal pocket wall and the tissue attachment followed by reattachment of the flap to the teeth.

Ultrasonic Curettage:

In this procedure the inflamed tissue is removed from the tooth surface and the wall of gingival fissure using a ultrasonic scaler.

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