Dental Problems

Dentin Hypersensitivity -Treatment of Dentin Hypersentivity

Dentin hypersensitivity

It is defined as a short, sharp pain arising from exposed dentin to external stimulus. This hypersensitivity is triggered by a stimulus that is thermal, tactile, evaporative, osmotic, or chemical in nature. In this article, we shall know how dentin hypersensitivity is treated.

What is dentin

A calcified tissue just below the enamel of the teeth is known as dentin. It is one of the four major components of teeth, others being enamel, cementum and pulp.

Diagnosis of Dentin Hypersensitivity:

Prior to the treatment, you need to go for diagnosis of sensitivity. Your dentist may examine the teeth and know about your dental history. He/she will ask if you have any oral habits such as grinding or clenching your teeth which may result in sensitivity. The dentist may use a metal instrument with a sharp point, called explorer, to test teeth sensitivity.

Treatment of Dentin Hypersensitivity

The dentist may recommend a variety of regimen to manage tooth hypersensitivity based on the causes of the problem. Here are some of the treatment options taken up by dentists:

Fluoride Gel:

Fluoride gel helps by blocking transmission of sensation from the teeth to the nerve. This can be a stannous fluoride gel given by the dentist or an over-the-counter desensitizing toothpaste containing fluoride and potassium nitrate or potassium chloride or potassium citrate.

Oxalate Gel:

Oxalate products reduce dentin permeability and occlude tubules more consistently. While research is still going on the “Sensitivity reducing effects of oxalates”, they are used for significant treatment of hypersensitivity.

Adhesives:

Nowadays, dentists recommend adhesives for treating hypersensitivity, which include varnishes, bonding agents and restorative materials. They are proven to improve desensitization.

Other Procedures:

Iontophoresis, in conjunction with fluoride pastes or solutions, is a promising procedure to treat dentin hypersensitivity. Low level laser therapy is another procedure to quickly reduce the pain and maintain pain-free status of teeth.

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