Dental Problems

What are Dental Caries?

If you are getting severe pain while having food (especially after eating sweet, hot and spicy foods) and cold beverages then, dental caries are the main reason behind it. Dental caries can penetrate into the soft tooth pulp and also to the sensitive nerve fiber within. If left untreated, it erodes the tooth significantly resulting in destruction of the tooth.

What are Dental Caries?

Dental caries are caused due to an acid erosion of the tooth enamel. There are different types of bacteria living and growing in the human mouth. They build up on our teeth and feed on the food debris forming plaque. Plaque is generally formed in certain places like pits, cracks, grooves in our back teeth, near gum lines and between the tooth. Plaque converts carbohydrates and sugar in the food to acid, because of this minerals in the food we eat dissolves at the surface of the teeth. This erodes the tooth enamel or create pits, these pits are too small for our vision to see and over a period of time they grow large.

Causes for Dental Caries

  • Dental Plaque
  • Streptococcus mutans
  • Bottle tooth decay
  • Streptococcus sobrinus

Symptoms of Dental Caries

  • Toothache
  • Bad breath
  • Foul taste
  • Visible pits (once the caries go deep)
  • Pain while chewing any food
  • If the problem gets serious, you can see swelling on the outer side (also called Cervical adenopathy)

Treatment for Dental Caries

  • First the dentist numbs the area to be treated
  • The caries are removed and fillings are used to fill as per the requirement
  • Standard treatment involves filling the tooth
  • Depending on the patients interest, they can have different filling materials like gold, amalgams and composite resins
  • Advanced techniques like indirect restoration can be used in severe cases

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