Dental Problems

What is Angular Cheilitis? – Causes and Symptoms

Angular Cheilitis is an inflammatory lesion formed at the corner of your mouth, it often occurs bilaterally. It appears as a split or a deep crack associated with bacteria and fungal infection. Angular cheilitis can occur at any age and to any gender. The patient will have moderate pain and the condition lasts anywhere between a week to months depending on the care taken by the individual.

Causes of Angular Cheilitis

  • Main causes for angular cheilitis are nutritional deficiency and/or malnutrition disease such as celiac disease
  • Bacteria plays an important role in post angular cheiltis formation, but the common cause is fungal infection
  • Vitamin and mineral deficiencies include Vitamin B2, Iron and Zinc
  • Plummer-vision syndrome (cheilosis is the cause)
  • Chapped lips can be one of the reasons (most commonly seen in winter)
  • In some cases, medication that form dry skin is also a cause
  • In very minimal cases it is associated with hypervitaminosis A

Symptoms of Angular Cheilitis

A patient suffering from angular cheilitis might notice

  • Cracks and fissuring in the corners of your lips, usually with redness
  • Drainage of pus
  • Ulceration
  • Tissue softness and tenderness

Treatment for Angular Cheilitis

Usually, the treatment for Angular Cheilitis is based on the causes

  • For minor cases, that is, if the lesion is cased by bacteria then, applying topical antiseptic cream on the lesions will give good results
  • If the lesions are formed due to fungal infections then, an anti-fungal cream available over the counter can do the job successfully
  • More serious cases may require a physician’s advice
  • In certain cases, malabsorption syndrome is treated with B-12 shots as per the requirement

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