What is Gingivostomatitis?
Gingivostomatitis, also known as the primary herpetic gingivostomatitis is a bacterial or viral infection in the mouth and on gums, usually leading to sores and swelling. It is caused by herpes simplex virus. Gingivostomatitis is a combination of stomatitis and gingivitis. It causes painful sores inside your cheeks and on gum line.
Causes of Gingivostomatitis
- Gingivostomatitis is commonly seen among children and young adults, it is usually caused due to poor oral hygiene
- It can occur after infections by type 1 herpes simplex virus (HSV-1)
- It may also occur after coxsackle virus infection
Symptoms of Gingivostomatitis
- Sores inside the cheeks or on the gums
- Bad breath
- Uneasiness, general discomfort and ill feeling
- Very sore mouth
Treatment for Gingivostomatitis
It is a normal problem and in mild state it does not need any medical treatment.
The treatment is mainly targeted to relieve the symptoms
- Have a proper dentist checkup and get rid off any other diseases causing this problem. For this your dentist will perform biopsy.
- It hurts greatly if you try to brush but, it is very important to maintain good oral hygiene, especially during this disease to avoid further infections.
- Special mouthwash or lukewarm salt water can be used to relieve the pain
- Acetaminophen can be used to reduce fever and make eating easy, if you still feel pain them consult the dentist for more effective pain killers
- It is important to be hydrated at all times, so drink enough fluids. Most soothing liquids for the throat include smooth drinks, juices and milk (also flavoured)
- Eat soothing foods can be taken at ease, foods include mashed potato, apple sauce, soup, yogurt and most importantly ice cream