Dental Problems

What are Mouth Sores? – Causes, Types

Various types of open sores appear inside your oral cavity and in worse conditions they will extend to the throat and esophagus. They usually are in pink or white color with red boundaries. They cause extreme pain, especially while eating any hot or spicy food. They usually last for a week to ten days, but some of them even last for more than a month. Home treatment is the most preferred way to get rid off these sores, however in severe conditions or when you have other diseases that are causing these sores then a proper medical treatment is required.

Causes of Mouth Sores

  • Accidentally biting the tongue, or cheek or lip
  • A broken tooth or sharp edged tooth can cause sores
  • Poorly done fillings or other dental treatments may result in mouth sores
  • Braces
  • Piercing of you tongue or lips can leave sores
  • Burning of your mouth while having hot drinks or food

Types in Mouth Sores

  • Cold Sores

    Cold sores are mostly called as fever blisters. They are usually caused due to herpes simplex virus, and they are highly contagious.

  • Canker sores

    Canker sores are more advanced and severe form of mouth sores, but they are not contagious. The causes for these kind of sores are not clear.

Symptoms of Mouth Sores

  • Cold sores look in white rounds with red borders
  • Canker sore appear in pale yellow with red outer ring
  • Tingling and irritation
  • Continuous pain
  • Burning and tenderness before the sore appears

Home Care for Mouth Sores

  • Rinse with lukewarm salt water once every hour
  • Make a paste of water and baking soda and apply a thin layer on the sore directly. This may give some pain but it helps in faster healing.
  • Eating popsicies or gargling with cool water can reduce the pain, especially when the sores are due to burning
  • Fluocinonide gel like Lidex, Chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash like Periden and Anti-inflammatory amlexanox paste like Aphthasol can be used for faster healing
  • You can also use pain relievers like acetaminphen

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