Dental Problems

Corrective Jaw Surgery – Procedure

Corrective Jaw Surgery is done to correct bony asymmetry or excess or deficiency of the upper or lower or both the jaws. This surgery is complex and very complicated, it requires careful and proper planning prior to the treatment.

Why Corrective Jaw Surgery?

Internal problems in the mouth can be treated using different non-surgical procedures, but if a patient has some underlying skeletal problem then this kind of surgery is required. Corrective jaw surgery is done to correct the jaw with an excess growth, or to modify a deficient jaw or to adjust the asymmetrical jaws.

Corrective Jaw Surgery Procedure

  • General anaesthesia is given prior to the surgery and an anaesthesiologist will be engaged to care of you.
  • Once the patient is asleep, local anaesthetic is given by the surgeon before starting any procedure.
  • A surgical incision is made inside the patients mouth and the jaw will be exposed.
  • With the help of surgical wafers your jaws get fractured and repositioned according to the pre planned position.
  • The jaw is fixed into the required position with the help of mini bone plates, they will be secured using the plating screws.
  • The surgeon will close the incision using sutures (resorbable and non resorbable according to the requirement)
  • Drains are placed to prevent any fluid or blood accumulation.
  • Sometimes the jaws are tied up together with rubber elastics.
  • The whole process can take 3 to 6 hours, this can increase depending on the complexity of the case.

Risks of Corrective Jaw Surgery

  • The facial nerve or the inferior alveolar nerve can get affected
  • There are some major vessels present in the surgical site, any small damage for these vessels can cause bleeding.
  • In unusual anatomies, your jaw may get fractured or split at an unwanted position
  • Due to the manipulation and high pressure on the jaws, it may cause jaw pain, often called as TMJ pain
  • In very rare cases the adjacent teeth can get damaged during the surgical cuts

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