What is Endodontics?
Endodontics, from the Greek endo (inside) and odons (tooth), is one of the nine specialties of dentistry recognized by the American Dental Association, and deals with the tooth pulp and the tissues surrounding the root of a tooth. If the pulp (containing nerves, arterioles and venules as well as lymphatic tissue and fibrous tissue) has become diseased or injured, endodontic treatment is required to save the tooth.
What is Endodontics?
Endodontics is a form of dentistry concerned primarily with the roots and soft matter below the tooth. Some dentists specialize in endodontics, and may spend several additional years studying this specialty after finishing a regular course in dentistry. Many earn a Master’s Degree in endodontics. Most often those who practice endodontics spend most of their time doing complicated root canals, about 16 million a year in the US alone. General dentists who have not specialized in endodontics may also perform a root canal.
The scope of the special area of dental practice known as endodontics is defined by the educational requirements for the training of a specialist in the discipline. Thus defined, the scope of endodontics includes, but is not limited to, the differential diagnosis and treatment of oral pains of pulpal and/or periradicular origin; vital pulp therapy such as pulp capping and pulpotomy; root canal therapy such as pulpectomy, nonsurgical treatment of root canal systems with or without periradicular pathosis of pulpal origin, and the obturation of these root canal systems; selective surgical removal of pathological tissues resulting from pulpal pathosis, intentional replantation and replantation of avulsed teeth: surgical removal of tooth structure such as in apicoectomy, hemisection, and root amputation; endodontic implants, bleaching of discolored dentin and enamel (teeth); retreatment of teeth previously treated endodontically, and treatment procedures related to coronal restorations by means of post and/or cores involving the root canal space.