Dental Problems

Bleeding Gums During Pregnancy

According to the American Academy of Periodontology, 50 percent pregnant women have bleeding gum during pregnancy. It is technically called Pregnancy Gingivitis. It is common during the second to eight month of pregnancy. This article tries to gain further insight on bleeding gums during pregnancy.

What is Bleeding Gums during Pregnancy:

The period of pregnancy can be divided in to three stages, each of 3 months duration. During the last few months, the body prepares itself for the delivery of the baby. A natural chemical substance called Progesterone hormone helps the body in this purpose. When this hormone is produced in higher levels, the roots of the teeth called gums, become weak and sensitive to the attacks of bacteria in the mouth. They appear swollen because of the chemicals released by these bacteria. Increased supply of blood to the mouth, normal during pregnancy, makes the gums turn red. This is called Bleeding Gum during pregnancy.

How to Prevent Pregnancy Gingivitis:

According to a research study conducted by the the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology in 2009, bleeding gums pose no threat to pregnancy. But if there are any signs of bleeding gum, it is always advisable to contact the doctor. Negligence in this case can lead to a dental condition Periodontitis, where the bones of the teeth get affected. The best way to prevent bleeding gum during Pregnancy is to practice good oral hygiene. Some of the tips to follow for good oral hygiene during pregnancy are :

  • Using soft-bristled toothbrush and toothpaste containing fluoride
  • Brushing twice a day and floss
  • Timely removal of plague and tarter through dental visits

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