Earlier, dental braces were used only by children and teens. Adult braces were a non-existent phenomenon. But now, due to advanced technology and removal of stigma attached to adult braces, many more adults are taking the step to straighten their teeth. Adults tend to have more problems with braces than kids or teenagers. Choices need to be made carefully. There are various types of adult braces available, and there are various risk factors to be taken into account which is briefly discussed below in this article. Let us examine them.
Traditional metal braces:
These are the old fashioned ones. They are very strong and last for a long time. Metal braces also come gold plated, which makes them look like jewelry. Metal braces are also the least expensive of all braces. There have been various new innovations in metal braces, which mean you have a wide field to choose from.
Tooth colored ceramic braces:
The brackets are made of various materials and are silver in color, but the ligatures which hold them are white or clear. This gives them a better appearance than metal braces. Ceramic braces are also more comfortable than metal braces. The ligatures need to be changed every month at the periodontist.
These are made of plastic and are transparent. This makes them virtually invisible. Invisalign bracelets can only be used for smaller problems. They are also more expensive than other braces.
Lingual braces are metal braces, but they are worn on the inner side of the teeth. This makes them invisible. But they may cause problems to your tongue while talking. Not all orthodontists can fix lingual braces, and they are quite expensive.
Adult braces and risk
There are also risks attached with adult braces.
- Adult teeth are less flexible and more rigid than children or teenage teeth. Braces may put pressure on the adult teeth structure, causing side effects.
- Braces have been found to increase plaque build up and gum diseases if the person already has them.
- If anything goes wrong with the whole procedure, it is more difficult for an adult to recover than a child or a teenager
Preventive measures while wearing braces:
- When one gets braces, he/she need to modify their diet in order to protect their braces. Some foods (hard foods) can break the wires of the braces and can even dislodge the brackets. If this incidence occurs, then it must be seen by the orthodontist immediately to repair the braces because dislodged brackets and broken wires can rub the inside of the oral parts and cause sores and bleeding. Thus, abstaining from those foods which could damage the braces is necessary as to prevent injury and the extended time needed for the treatment.
Hard foods and candies:
Hard fruits, snacks, vegetables, candies and nuts. These include eating apples, pears, raw carrot, corn on the cob, almonds, peanuts, taco shells, tortilla chips, hard pizza pretzels and crust, peppermints an lollipops.
Sticky candies and snacks:
These include taffy, gummies, fruits roll ups and caramels.
High acidity foods:
High acidic foods include sodas, limes and lemons.
Bubblegum and chewing gums should not be chewed while wearing braces. This is mainly because it gets stuck into the braces and around the braces wires. It is very difficult to clean as it gets stuck all around and it can also damage the braces and dislodge them.
The above article discusses about the types of adult braces. Individuals opting for any of the types of braces must discuss with their dentist about the safety measures to take while wearing them. These measures help in preventing injuries while wearing braces.