Dental Problems

Dental Sedation

Dental sedation is the practice of giving sedatives to a patient to relax him before a dental procedure. Dental sedation may not be required for all patients.Dental sedation does not put you to sleep completely. The patient will still be conscious and will usually be able to follow directions. But sedation will reduce pain and anxiety of the patient during the dental procedure.A good dentist must be selected to apply sedation. Sedatives can be dangerous in the hands of an uninformed or inexperienced dentist.

Types of Dental Sedation Methods

There are many types of dental sedation methods. They are used according to the dental procedure involved and the condition of the patient.

Oral conscious sedation:

The patient is given oral sedatives to ingest before going for the treatment. Usually, one sedative is taken at night before the day of the dental procedure and one on the morning of the dental procedure. Oral sedatives make the patient feel sleepy and reduce his ability to experience sound, smell or pain. They do not completely eliminate pain.

Inhalation sedation:

Inhalation sedation involves inhaling nitrous oxide or laughing gas. Laughing gas has pain relieving properties. It also acts quickly and the patient becomes normal soon after the dental procedure. It also has very few side effects.

Intravenous sedation:

Intravenous sedations are administered through injection into a vein. They make you feel asleep, even though they do not make you sleep. You will be able to follow instructions. They just induce amnesia, i.e. you will not remember afterwards what happened during the sedation period.

Intramuscular sedation:

A sedative is injected into the upper arm or thigh. It is not often used in dentistry.

Local anesthesia:

It will numb the area that is to be operated upon. The rest of the body will be normal and the patient will be conscious.

Benefits of dental sedation

Sedation not only helps the patients cope with the dental procedure, it will also help the dentist do his job smoothly.

Who should consider not taking sedation?

  • People taking other medications which may interfere with the sedative
  • People who hate dentists themselves
  • People scared of sedation or losing control of themselves.

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