Dental Problems

What you ought to Know about Trench Mouth

Trench MouthTrench mouth is a painful bacterial infection and ulceration of the gums. It is a form of gingivitis that generally develops rapidly when an excess of normal mouth bacteria causes infection and ulcers. Trench mouth is also known as Vincent’s Stomatitis or Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis, hence the acronym ANUG.

Causes of Trench Mouth

This infection occurs because of high bacteria levels in the mouth, usually from poor oral hygiene. This condition can also be caused from lack of sleep, stress and / or poor nutrition. This occurs more in smokers than non-smokers.

Who is affected?

Although trench mouth is rare today in developed nations, it still occurs, most often in people younger than age 35. Trench mouth occurs much more commonly in developing nations with poor nutrition and poor living conditions.

Symptoms of Trench Mouth

Signs and symptoms of trench mouth can develop rapidly. They include:

  • Painful gums
  • Bleeding from gums even with the slightest pressure
  • Swollen or reddish gums
  • Pain while eating or swallowing
  • A gray filmy formation on your gums
  • Crater like sores (ulcers) between your teeth and on your gums
  • A foul flavour in your mouth
  • Bad breath
  • Fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes around your head, neck or jaw

Treatment for Trench Mouth

Treatment of trench mouth is with good oral hygiene, including brushing, flossing and mouth rinses. If treatment is not sought, the infection may travel to other parts of the body. Antibiotics, along with a professional dental cleaning, can usually clear the infection from trench mouth. Painkillers, local anaesthetic gels or mouthwashes and antibiotics may be recommended. Professional dental treatment may be required.

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